If you are not clear on selecting, copying, pasting, where to save or find music, documents, programs, etc. and what they do, this may help.
MOUSE OR TOUCH PAD
Press the left button (click = left click) to select the item at the pointer. Press the right button (right click) to get a menu pertinent to the point where you
clicked. If in an open area, the menu applies there. In most cases, the same menu items are available at the top of the window in which you are working.
Everything that has a frame is a window, even a small dialog box, and most, but not all, can be adjusted in size from tiny to full screen. Windows that
have three small squares at the upper right corner can be toggled back and forth from full screen to smaller by clicking the middle square. When they are
smaller, you can click to select one side, top or bottom of the frame, hold down the button, and drag (move) it with the mouse to stretch or compress it.
Then release the button. Clicking the left button containing the minus sign reduces the window to an icon (symbol + name on a button) on the Taskbar at
the bottom of your screen. Clicking that restores the last size. Clicking the right button containing X closes the window and its contents.
When a window is full screen, the others have not gone away. They are behind it or down on the Taskbar. Clicking anywhere on a window generally puts
it in front of the others and changes the color of its title bar at its top. To move a window, click within its title bar, hold the button down, and drag it to a
A file is a distinct batch of information that is stored somewhere, usually in a folder (directory) on your hard drive or a removable CD or DVD. There are
lots of different types of files designated by a three letter extension after a dot that separates it from the name. Each different extension is generally
associated with the program that created the file or can view or utilize its contents. For instance a Microsoft Word document has a name that ends in .doc
or docx; a music file ends in .wav, .mp3, .wma, or .w64; a plain text file ends in .txt; an executable file that performs an action ends in .exe, .com, or .dll; a
Photoshop image ends in .psd; a lot of photos end in .jpg, and an Excel workbook ends in .xls or .xlsm Almost everything on your computer is stored in a
file or group of files including programs.
Just as you might save a paper document inside a folder, within another folder, within a drawer, within a certain file cabinet, you save files in a hierarchy of
folders. From the Windows Start button, you can see a table of contents of each of separate groups of folders in My Documents, My Computer, and My
Network Places. You can think of each as a different file cabinet. I prefer using (Windows) Explorer, which shows all these in a single window, and
placing two Explorer windows side by side. Then, when I move or copy and paste a file from one place to another, I see on one screen where it came
from and where it is going. Here is how.
First, for convenience, let’s place a shortcut to Explorer on your desktop and on your Taskbar. From afresh boot (opening Windows) Go to Start, All
Programs, Accessories, Windows Explorer. Right click, and click Copy. In a blank area of your desktop, right click and Paste. Click on your new icon
and drag it onto the Quick Launch area of your Taskbar next to the Start button. In a blank area of your desktop right click and click on Arrange Icons by
Click the Explorer icon on the Taskbar to open an Explorer window. In Windows XP or Vista, at its top menu click Tools, Folder Options, General, Use
Windows classic folders. In all operating systems, in the View tab click to place check marks at:
1. Launch folder windows in a separate process
2. Restore previous windows at logon
3. Show Control panel in my computer
Uncheck (check again if checked) Hide extensions for known file types. Click Apply to All Folders. Yes. OK.
Click the Explorer icon on your Taskbar again. Right click an open area of your Taskbar. Click Tile Vertically or Show windows side by side. If you have
not opened any other windows they will be arranged as in this screen view. The right column of each window shows the contents of the item selected in
the left column.
COPY, PASTE, SAVE
Memorize: CTRL + C = Copy, CTRL + V = Paste, and CTRL + S = Save. They are also in the top File and Edit menus in many windows, and often when
you right click. Get in the habit of using CTRL + S to save your work every few minutes in any program in which you might lose work if your computer
Sometimes when you save a file you will want to place it in its own folder within some other folder. In the right hand Explorer window, expand My
Computer in the left column by clicking either its name or the preceding + sign. If you click a name, its contents appear in the right hand column.
Expand Local Disc (C:), then the next folder of interest, and on until you reach the folder where you want to place your file or a new folder for it.. Right
click in the right column, and click “New…Folder”. Then right click on it; click Rename, and type the name you want to use. Press “enter”.
Practice finding a file in the left Explorer window starting from drive C:. Then Copy it, and paste it into a suitable existing or new folder in the right hand
Explorer window. When you create a music file, you have to give it a name and put it somewhere. Usually a dialog box will present the same hierarchy of
folders you see in Windows Explorer and you use the same procedure.
Notice that the address at top grows as you click down through the hierarchy of folders giving you the complete PATH from hard drive C: to your file folder,
if you have clicked on it. Folder levels are separated by a backslash \. You can go back up one level at a time by clicking the folder “up” icon in the
DRAG AND DROP
Find a file, and click to select it. Hold down the left button while you pull it to another folder and release the button. CAUTION – Drag and Drop from one
window to another copies. Within a window it moves. To convert music files, instead of dropping them into a folder you drop them anywhere inside the
BURWEN BOBCAT window. A dialog box will enable you to select a folder or subfolder where the converted files will appear.
To select a group, click on the first file, and use Shift + Click on the last file. To add a file to a group select it using Control + Click. Then click and hold
while dragging the files to the window, and release them.
A network connects your computer to other computers either by wire or wirelessly. In either Explorer window above, expanding My Network Places
shows you folders that are shared on other computers. You can copy or view a file (a photo for example) on another computer and paste it into a folder on
yours, the same as if it were really on your own computer.
The internet extends your network to computers all over the world. Just as your home is identified by its unique address, computers are identified by their
IP (Internet Protocol) address.
Answer every dialog box, or your computer may get stuck waiting for your action. If you see a down arrow in a dialog box, click it to view a list of
selections. When finished click OK, Finish, or Exit if such a button is present. If you can reduce each window an icon, a troublesome dialog box hidden
behind may show up.
If one or more programs gets stuck, press Ctrl + Alt + Delete to open Task Manager. On its Applications tab, click any program not responding, and click